Epidemics from Past to Present
Epidemics from Past to Present
What are the epidemic diseases? here are epidemics!
corona-flu-Black Plague-Spanish Flu and more…..
1-Jüstinyen plague epidemic (541-542)
Justinianus the Plague Outbreak (541 – 542) was a pandemic, affecting the Byzantine Empire, but especially its capital, Constantinople, the Sassanid Empire, one of the port cities around the Mediterranean. It is one of the largest plague outbreaks in history. million people died.
2- Black Plague (1346 – 1350)
Black plague, also called black death, is the plague epidemic that caused great destruction in Europe between 1347-1351. It started in the south west of Asia and reached Europe in the late 1340s. A bacterium called Yersinia pestis is thought to be caused by the outbreak.
3- HIV/AIDS( 1960 – …)
It is a virus that is transmitted through blood and unprotected sexual contact and can settle in various tissues of the body, but shows its main effects on the immune system. The number of people living with HIV in Turkey 18, 1736 AIDS cases and 657 people are available. The age group with the highest number of cases is the 30-34 and 25-29 age group. We can say that it is the only epidemic that started in the past and still exists.
Spanish flu or Spanish flu is an outbreak of flu caused by a deadly subtype of the H1N1 virus between 1918 and 1920. Spanish Flu has become the biggest known epidemic in the history of humanity, causing the death of 50 to 100-140 million people in 18 months as a result of its transmission to more than 500 million people.
5- Asian flu (1957-1958)
Influenza-A virus, which started in China, is thought to be a disease that mutates in ducks and becomes a human. The disease, called the Asian Flu, cost the lives of nearly 4 million people. The epidemic was prevented with a vaccine.
6- Sixth Cholera Pandemic(1899-1923)
The Sixth Cholera Pandemic emerged in India, then spread to the Middle East, Northern Afirka, Eastern Europe and Russia. It caused the death of 1,500,000 people.
7- Russian Flu (1889-1890)
Russian flu is the oldest known flu pandemic. Approximately 1,000,000 people died in the epidemic, which lasted about 1 year. It is an epidemic that has lost a lot of people compared to the year.
8- Hong Kong flu (1968-1969)
It is a flu epidemic of the 2nd category that kills about a million people worldwide. There are 2 types of viruses. A new virus has emerged by coming together with viruses that have more than one subtype and a different middle of the virus than the original. The name has remained that way since it first appeared in Hong Kong.
9-Fifth Cholera Pandemic (1879 – 1881)
The fifth cholera pandemic influenced India and Germany, which took place between 1881 and 1879.
10- Corona (2019-…)
Viruses that can cause disease in humans and animals and have many species are called “Coronavirus”. These viruses, which often cause colds in humans, can also lead to tables leading to loss of life. The SARS-CoV virus outbreak started in 2002 in Guangdong Province of China and spread to 17 countries worldwide. In this epidemic, 8098 people became ill and 774 people died. The MERS-CoV virus epidemic, which started in Saudi Arabia in 2012, affected 27 countries worldwide and 861 of the 2499 people who died were killed.
In the last days of 2019, this epidemic erupted again in Wuhan, China’s Hubei Province, and is now spreading all over the world. Although the number of deaths currently appears to be 74,816 in the epidemic, which is still effective, we estimate that it will increase in these deaths.